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Download Big Wars and Small Wars: The British Army and the Lessons by Hew Strachan PDF

By Hew Strachan

This can be a attention-grabbing new perception into the British military and its evolution via either huge and small scale conflicts. to arrange for destiny wars, armies derive classes from prior wars. although, a few armies are defeated simply because they learnt the incorrect classes, scuffling with new conflicts in methods acceptable to the final. For the British military within the 20th century, the problem has been relatively nice. It hasn't ever had the posh of rising from one significant eu warfare with the time to organize itself for the following. The prime army historians express how ongoing commitments to a variety of ‘small wars’ have regularly been a part of the Army’s adventure. After 1902 and after 1918 they integrated colonial campaigns, yet additionally they built into what we might now name counter-insurgency operations, and those grew to become the norm among 1945 and 1969. throughout the top of the chilly warfare, in 1982, the military was once deployed to the Falklands. considering the fact that 1990 the dominant projects of the military were peace aid operations. this can be a good source for all scholars and students of army heritage, politics and diplomacy and British historical past.

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Additional info for Big Wars and Small Wars: The British Army and the Lessons of War in the 20th Century (Military History and Policy Series)

Example text

1, p. 60. Lloyd George, War Memoirs, 2, p. 2037. Cited by Peter G. ) The Greenhill Dictionary of Military Quotations, London: Greenhill, 2000, p. 233. Brian Bond, ‘The labour of Sisyphus: educational reform at RMA Sandhurst’, Journal of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies, September 1977, pp. 38–44; Hew Strachan, ‘The British army and the study of war: a personal view’, Army Quarterly, 1981, vol. 111, pp. 134–48. R. Henderson, The Science of War, London: Longmans, 1919, p.

General Sir Neville Lyttelton, Eighty Years: Soldiering, Politics, Games, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1927, p. 212. Badsey, ‘Boer War as a Media War’, pp. S. Hamer, The British Army: A Study in Civil-Military Relations, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970, pp. 174–5. Edward M. Spiers, The Late Victorian Army, 1868–1902, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992, pp. 310–11; The Times, 15 June 1901, p. 12. Spiers, ‘Rearming the Edwardian Artillery’, p. 171. National Army Museum (NAM), 7101–23–111–1, Lord Roberts, ‘Circular Memorandum No.

By 1969 it had settled into a groove, thinking it knew how to digest the benefits of its own experience. But the danger, as David Benest shows, was that it would interpret a conflict not as it was but as those lessons led it to expect it to be. Northern Ireland revealed the dangers of learning lessons too rigidly: the failure to recognise that conclusions drawn from one environment were not transferable to another. Nor did the army prove to be quick to learn. Simon Ball highlights the principal tactical lesson from the Falklands, the infantry’s need for firepower, and particularly its reliance on the general purpose machine gun, a seemingly self-evident point to the reader of any account of the battle for Goose Green or Mount Tumbledown.

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